Mac安装homebrew(转)

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终端粘贴Homebrew官网命令

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
执行时报Failed to connect to http://raw.githubusercontent.com port 443: Operation timed out

解决办法:复制下列代码保存成.rb文件(eg:brew_install.rb),代码中将资源"https://github.com/Homebrew/brew".freeze换成国内

终端执行:/usr/bin/ruby /Users/admin/Downloads/brew_install.rb 即可安装完成

自己整理的brew_install.rb文件下载地址 https://download.csdn.net/download/jinyongting666/12128694

文件内容:

#!/usr/bin/ruby

This script installs to /usr/local only. To install elsewhere (which is

unsupported) you can untar https://github.com/Homebrew/brew/tarball/master

anywhere you like.

HOMEBREW_PREFIX = "/usr/local".freeze
HOMEBREW_REPOSITORY = "/usr/local/Homebrew".freeze
HOMEBREW_CACHE = "#{ENV["HOME"]}/Library/Caches/Homebrew".freeze
BREW_REPO = "git://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/brew.git".freeze

TODO: bump version when new macOS is released

MACOS_LATEST_SUPPORTED = "10.15".freeze

TODO: bump version when new macOS is released

MACOS_OLDEST_SUPPORTED = "10.13".freeze

no analytics during installation

ENV["HOMEBREW_NO_ANALYTICS_THIS_RUN"] = "1"
ENV["HOMEBREW_NO_ANALYTICS_MESSAGE_OUTPUT"] = "1"

get nicer global variables

require "English"

module Tty
module_function

def blue
bold 34
end

def red
bold 31
end

def reset
escape 0
end

def bold(code = 39)
escape "1;#{code}"
end

def underline
escape "4;39"
end

def escape(code)
"\033[#{code}m" if STDOUT.tty?
end
end

class Array
def shell_s
cp = dup
first = cp.shift
cp.map { |arg| arg.gsub " ", "\ " }.unshift(first).join(" ")
end
end

def ohai(*args)
puts "#{Tty.blue}==>#{Tty.bold} #{args.shell_s}#{Tty.reset}"
end

def warn(warning)
puts "#{Tty.red}Warning#{Tty.reset}: #{warning.chomp}"
end

def system(*args)
abort "Failed during: #{args.shell_s}" unless Kernel.system(*args)
end

def sudo(*args)
args.unshift("-A") unless ENV["SUDO_ASKPASS"].nil?
ohai "/usr/bin/sudo", *args
system "/usr/bin/sudo", *args
end

def getc
system "/bin/stty raw -echo"
if STDIN.respond_to?(:getbyte)
STDIN.getbyte
else
STDIN.getc
end
ensure
system "/bin/stty -raw echo"
end

def wait_for_user
puts
puts "Press RETURN to continue or any other key to abort"
c = getc

we test for \r and \n because some stuff does \r instead

abort unless (c == 13) || (c == 10)
end

class Version
include Comparable
attr_reader :parts

def initialize(str)
@parts = str.split(".").map(&:to_i)
end

def <=>(other)
parts <=> self.class.new(other).parts
end

def to_s
parts.join(".")
end
end

def macos_version
@macos_version ||= Version.new(/usr/bin/sw_vers -productVersion.chomp[/10.\d+/])
end

def should_install_command_line_tools?
if macos_version > "10.13"
!File.exist?("/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/usr/bin/git")
else
!File.exist?("/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/usr/bin/git") ||
!File.exist?("/usr/include/iconv.h")
end
end

def user_only_chmod?(path)
return false unless File.directory?(path)

mode = File.stat(path).mode & 0777

u = (mode >> 6) & 07

g = (mode >> 3) & 07

o = (mode >> 0) & 07

mode != 0755
end

def chmod?(path)
File.exist?(path) && !(File.readable?(path) && File.writable?(path) && File.executable?(path))
end

def chown?(path)
!File.owned?(path)
end

def chgrp?(path)
!File.grpowned?(path)
end

USER isn't always set so provide a fall back for the installer and subprocesses.

ENV["USER"] ||= id -un.chomp

Invalidate sudo timestamp before exiting (if it wasn't active before).

Kernel.system "/usr/bin/sudo -n -v 2>/dev/null"
at_exit { Kernel.system "/usr/bin/sudo", "-k" } unless $CHILD_STATUS.success?

The block form of Dir.chdir fails later if Dir.CWD doesn't exist which I

guess is fair enough. Also sudo prints a warning message for no good reason

Dir.chdir "/usr"

####################################################################### script
if RUBY_PLATFORM.to_s.downcase.include?("linux")
abort <<-EOABORT
To install Linuxbrew, paste at a terminal prompt:
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"
EOABORT
elsif macos_version < "10.7"
abort <<-EOABORT
Your Mac OS X version is too old. See:
#{Tty.underline}https://github.com/mistydemeo/tigerbrew#{Tty.reset}"
EOABORT
elsif macos_version < "10.9"
abort "Your OS X version is too old"
elsif Process.uid.zero?
abort "Don't run this as root!"
elsif !dsmemberutil checkmembership -U "#{ENV["USER"]}" -G admin.include?("user is a member")
abort "This script requires the user #{ENV["USER"]} to be an Administrator."
elsif File.directory?(HOMEBREW_PREFIX) && (!File.executable? HOMEBREW_PREFIX)
abort <<-EOABORT
The Homebrew prefix, #{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}, exists but is not searchable. If this is
not intentional, please restore the default permissions and try running the
installer again:
sudo chmod 775 #{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}
EOABORT

TODO: bump version when new macOS is released

elsif macos_version > MACOS_LATEST_SUPPORTED || macos_version < MACOS_OLDEST_SUPPORTED
who = "We"
if macos_version > MACOS_LATEST_SUPPORTED
what = "pre-release version"
elsif macos_version < MACOS_OLDEST_SUPPORTED
who << " (and Apple)"
what = "old version"
else
return
end
ohai "You are using macOS #{macos_version.parts.join(".")}."
ohai "#{who} do not provide support for this #{what}."

puts <<-EOS
This installation may not succeed.
After installation, you will encounter build failures with some formulae.
Please create pull requests instead of asking for help on Homebrew's GitHub,
Discourse, Twitter or IRC. You are responsible for resolving any issues you
experience while you are running this #{what}.

EOS
end

ohai "This script will install:"
puts "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/bin/brew"
puts "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/share/doc/homebrew"
puts "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/share/man/man1/brew.1"
puts "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/share/zsh/site-functions/_brew"
puts "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/etc/bash_completion.d/brew"
puts HOMEBREW_REPOSITORY.to_s

Keep relatively in sync with

https://github.com/Homebrew/brew/blob/master/Library/Homebrew/keg.rb

group_chmods = %w[bin etc include lib sbin share opt var
Frameworks
etc/bash_completion.d lib/pkgconfig
share/aclocal share/doc share/info share/locale share/man
share/man/man1 share/man/man2 share/man/man3 share/man/man4
share/man/man5 share/man/man6 share/man/man7 share/man/man8
var/log var/homebrew var/homebrew/linked
bin/brew]
.map { |d| File.join(HOMEBREW_PREFIX, d) }
.select { |d| chmod?(d) }

zsh refuses to read from these directories if group writable

zsh_dirs = %w[share/zsh share/zsh/site-functions]
.map { |d| File.join(HOMEBREW_PREFIX, d) }
mkdirs = %w[bin etc include lib sbin share var opt
share/zsh share/zsh/site-functions
var/homebrew var/homebrew/linked
Cellar Caskroom Homebrew Frameworks]
.map { |d| File.join(HOMEBREW_PREFIX, d) }
.reject { |d| File.directory?(d) }

user_chmods = zsh_dirs.select { |d| user_only_chmod?(d) }
chmods = group_chmods + user_chmods
chowns = chmods.select { |d| chown?(d) }
chgrps = chmods.select { |d| chgrp?(d) }

unless group_chmods.empty?
ohai "The following existing directories will be made group writable:"
puts(*group_chmods)
end
unless user_chmods.empty?
ohai "The following existing directories will be made writable by user only:"
puts(*user_chmods)
end
unless chowns.empty?
ohai "The following existing directories will have their owner set to #{Tty.underline}#{ENV["USER"]}#{Tty.reset}:"
puts(*chowns)
end
unless chgrps.empty?
ohai "The following existing directories will have their group set to #{Tty.underline}admin#{Tty.reset}:"
puts(*chgrps)
end
unless mkdirs.empty?
ohai "The following new directories will be created:"
puts(*mkdirs)
end
if should_install_command_line_tools?
ohai "The Xcode Command Line Tools will be installed."
end

wait_for_user if STDIN.tty? && !ENV["CI"]

if File.directory? HOMEBREW_PREFIX
sudo "/bin/chmod", "u+rwx", *chmods unless chmods.empty?
sudo "/bin/chmod", "g+rwx", *group_chmods unless group_chmods.empty?
sudo "/bin/chmod", "755", *user_chmods unless user_chmods.empty?
sudo "/usr/sbin/chown", ENV["USER"], *chowns unless chowns.empty?
sudo "/usr/bin/chgrp", "admin", *chgrps unless chgrps.empty?
else
sudo "/bin/mkdir", "-p", HOMEBREW_PREFIX
sudo "/usr/sbin/chown", "root:wheel", HOMEBREW_PREFIX
end

unless mkdirs.empty?
sudo "/bin/mkdir", "-p", *mkdirs
sudo "/bin/chmod", "g+rwx", *mkdirs
sudo "/bin/chmod", "755", *zsh_dirs
sudo "/usr/sbin/chown", ENV["USER"], *mkdirs
sudo "/usr/bin/chgrp", "admin", *mkdirs
end

sudo "/bin/mkdir", "-p", HOMEBREW_CACHE unless File.directory? HOMEBREW_CACHE
sudo "/bin/chmod", "g+rwx", HOMEBREW_CACHE if chmod? HOMEBREW_CACHE
sudo "/usr/sbin/chown", ENV["USER"], HOMEBREW_CACHE if chown? HOMEBREW_CACHE
sudo "/usr/bin/chgrp", "admin", HOMEBREW_CACHE if chgrp? HOMEBREW_CACHE
system "/usr/bin/touch", "#{HOMEBREW_CACHE}/.cleaned" if File.directory? HOMEBREW_CACHE

if should_install_command_line_tools? && macos_version >= "10.13"
ohai "Searching online for the Command Line Tools"

This temporary file prompts the 'softwareupdate' utility to list the Command Line Tools

clt_placeholder = "/tmp/.com.apple.dt.CommandLineTools.installondemand.in-progress"
sudo "/usr/bin/touch", clt_placeholder

clt_label_command = "/usr/sbin/softwareupdate -l | "
"grep -B 1 -E 'Command Line Tools' | "
"awk -F'*' '/^ \/ {print $2}' | "
"sed -e 's/^ *Label: //' -e 's/^ *//' | "
"sort -V | "
"tail -n1"
clt_label = #{clt_label_command}.chomp

unless clt_label.empty?
ohai "Installing #{clt_label}"
sudo "/usr/sbin/softwareupdate", "-i", clt_label
sudo "/bin/rm", "-f", clt_placeholder
sudo "/usr/bin/xcode-select", "--switch", "/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools"
end
end

Headless install may have failed, so fallback to original 'xcode-select' method

if should_install_command_line_tools? && STDIN.tty?
ohai "Installing the Command Line Tools (expect a GUI popup):"
sudo "/usr/bin/xcode-select", "--install"
puts "Press any key when the installation has completed."
getc
sudo "/usr/bin/xcode-select", "--switch", "/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools"
end

abort <<-EOABORT if /usr/bin/xcrun clang 2>&1 =~ /license/ && !$CHILD_STATUS.success?
You have not agreed to the Xcode license.
Before running the installer again please agree to the license by opening
Xcode.app or running:
sudo xcodebuild -license
EOABORT

ohai "Downloading and installing Homebrew..."
Dir.chdir HOMEBREW_REPOSITORY do

we do it in four steps to avoid merge errors when reinstalling

system "git", "init", "-q"

"git remote add" will fail if the remote is defined in the global config

system "git", "config", "remote.origin.url", BREW_REPO
system "git", "config", "remote.origin.fetch", "+refs/heads/:refs/remotes/origin/"

ensure we don't munge line endings on checkout

system "git", "config", "core.autocrlf", "false"

system "git", "fetch", "origin", "master:refs/remotes/origin/master",
"--tags", "--force"

system "git", "reset", "--hard", "origin/master"

system "ln", "-sf", "#{HOMEBREW_REPOSITORY}/bin/brew", "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/bin/brew"

system "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/bin/brew", "update", "--force"
end

warn "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/bin is not in your PATH." unless ENV["PATH"].split(":").include? "#{HOMEBREW_PREFIX}/bin"

ohai "Installation successful!"
puts

Use the shell's audible bell.

print "\a"

Use an extra newline and bold to avoid this being missed.

ohai "Homebrew has enabled anonymous aggregate formulae and cask analytics."
puts <<-EOS
#{Tty.bold}Read the analytics documentation (and how to opt-out) here:
#{Tty.underline}https://docs.brew.sh/Analytics#{Tty.reset}

EOS

ohai "Homebrew is run entirely by unpaid volunteers. Please consider donating:"
puts <<-EOS
#{Tty.underline}https://github.com/Homebrew/brew#donations#{Tty.reset}
EOS

Dir.chdir HOMEBREW_REPOSITORY do
system "git", "config", "--replace-all", "homebrew.analyticsmessage", "true"
system "git", "config", "--replace-all", "homebrew.caskanalyticsmessage", "true"
end

ohai "Next steps:"
puts "- Run brew help to get started"
puts "- Further documentation: "
puts " #{Tty.underline}https://docs.brew.sh#{Tty.reset}"